Both audio and visual content, if used, are accompanied by a written, screen-reader compatible transcript and/or captioning in an ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) compliant format. Many instructors create scripts of their recorded videos and audio as a way to ensure there are multiple means of representation to embrace Universal Design for Learning principles and accessibility requirements.
Captioning Your Own Videos
- If you have created your own videos, generally your video editing software allows you to add captions. Or, if your own video has been uploaded to YouTube, then here’s a way to add captions to YouTube videos.
Captioning Other Video Content
But what about the situation where you have included a non-captioned video to your class and you do not own the video? There are several services that will add captions to any video (whether you own it or not), for a cost, or will allow you to add the captions yourself, for free.
Explore Amara, one of these services.
- If you are asking students to view YouTube videos, make sure that the video includes closed captioning. Many do include closed captioning. You should check the closed captioning against the video to make sure it is “correct.” Sometimes the closed captioning has been done by machines and not humans and so is not very useful. Here’s a brief description of how to use and create Closed Captions in YouTube (opens in a new window). Videos from TED Talks (opens in a new window) include closed captioning and transcripts.
- How to create captions and subtitles on YouTube (opens in a new window)
- If you are creating your own videos, then often the software you use to create the audio or video also allows for the creation of closed captions. For instance, Camtasia, a commonly used program at GSC, allows this. It’s best to follow the directions in your software.
- Including a written transcript with all audio files is recommended. If you are creating the file yourself then it’s best to write out the transcript first and use that script when you create the audio file. When you include the audio file in your course, make sure you include the written transcript too.
Explore tips for how to improve Universal Design for Learning for more information about image descriptions.